As much as newborn babies are a bundle of joy and happiness for the whole family, they also come with new responsibilities. Newborn babies are sensitive and very fragile. It is not an easy task to take care of them. It is an even more difficult task for the new parents who do not know how to handle the baby.
Parents of the firstborn try their best to take care of the baby. It is both a tough and exciting challenge which is why these tips are shared by W1D.net in order to guide the parents.
1- Calm down the crying baby
Newborn babies have a habit of crying a lot. This can be annoying and puzzling to the new parents who do not know the cause behind the crying. Babies often cry without any reason. Therefore, it is crucial to learn the art of soothing the baby. Whenever the baby starts crying, tap and rub the back in a gentle manner. This allows the baby to feel secured, relaxed and comforted. It also helps in burping easily. This technique helps in calming down the baby most of the time. If it does not help in your case, then swinging, swaddling and shushing the baby will do the job.
2- Hold the baby properly
This is one of the most important things to know while raising a baby. Not many people know how to hold a child. Holding a newborn should be done with care but many people are afraid of doing so. A recent study has revealed that babies who are held for more than 2 hours each day cry much less than babies who are held for a short time. Before holding a baby, remember that the neck muscles of infants are weak which is why you should put extra care. Give support to the head and hold the baby against the shoulder for the best positioning. Also it is advised to wash your hands before holding the baby because they have a weak immune system. If your hands are dirty then the baby will get affected by it.
Another thing to remember is that you should never shake the baby. The organs of the baby are not fully developed which is why they should be handled with care.
3- Feed the baby
Most mothers do not know how frequently they should feed the baby. This is because every baby has its own dietary habits. It is better to feed your baby when he starts demanding it with cues and gestures. Either the baby makes sucking noise, starts crying or puts a finger in mouth. On average, a baby needs to get fed after every 2 to 3 hours. If you feed the baby with feeder, then make 2 to 3 ounces of milk each feeding time. If you breastfeed, then give at least 10 to 15 minutes for the suckling. It is important to keep a track at the feeding habits of the baby. This is easy if the baby is given milk with feeder. Monitoring the habits with breastfeeding is relatively easy and it can be done by some tricks. A mother can know if the baby is being properly fed if he is gaining weight, sleeping regularly, peeing 6 times a day and pooping several times a day. After each feeding, the baby needs to burp because he swallows air during feeding.
4- Know-how of baby sleep
An average infant sleeps for more than 16 hours a day. However, they do not sleep continuously or even throughout the night because they get hungry very quickly and they need to be fed. A baby sleeps for 2 to 4 hours on a continuous time span. Babies are more active at the nighttime as compared to day time.
Therefore, some parents try to keep the baby awake during the day by playing or talking to him and when night comes, they turn off the lights and minimize the sounds.
Each baby has its own sleeping patterns and they develop over months. When the baby is 3 months old, they start to sleep for the whole night. However, if that is not the case for your baby, then it is not worrisome. Babies should be put on the back during sleep and stuffed toys or pillows should not be placed around him as it can suffocate the baby. Also change the position of the baby’s head every night so that a flat spot does not form.
Babies have an active bowel movement and you need to keep a big stock of diapers. A baby usually poops 10 times each day. There are other essentials too which are needed along with diapers such as soft baby wipes and baby lotion.
After cleaning the bowel movement, it is advised to apply lotion or ointment so that no diaper rashes are formed. All babies get rashes at some point but it is important to know how to treat it. Wash the bottom of the baby with lukewarm water and apply diaper cream whenever you put on the diaper. Other tips include
using mild soap, not letting the baby wear dirty diapers for long and removing the diaper every day so that the skin is exposed to air. If the rash does not go away even after 3 days, then consult a doctor.
6- Baby bath
After the delivery of the baby, a sponge bath is the best as the skin of the infant is sensitive and the umbilical cord stump needs to heal. Before giving the bath, get all the items ready which include a soft absorbent towel, clean clothes, mild baby soap, new diaper, baby shampoo, baby lotion, a soft washcloth and a soft brush for the scalp. In order to give a sponge bath, make the baby lid down on an even surface and take a bowl filled with lukewarm water. Take the clothes off and cover him with the towel. Make the washcloth wet and use it to clean the eyes of the baby. You should wipe the eyes from the inner corner to the outer side. Use the same wet washcloth to clean the nose and ears of the baby. Afterwards apply the lather of the mild soap on the face and wipe it clean with the washcloth. Apply a small quantity of the baby shampoo on the head and let foam produce to rinse. Then go on to the other body parts and wash them with soap.
With these effective tips, you can take special care of your baby.